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One Point Lesson #102017.02.11

Grammar

Double Comparatives / Superlatives

We basically add –er or -est to a word when comparing things, people, events, actions, or ideas. We call these words as Comparatives and Superlatives. Remember;

*We use comparatives in comparing 2 subjects and we normally have the–er ending to such word.

*We use superlatives in comparing 3 or more subjects and we normally have the –est ending to such word.

  Examples large – larger / largest big – bigger / biggest bloody – bloodier / bloodiest bold – bolder / boldest brave – braver / bravest bright – brighter / brightest slim – slimmer / slimmest calm – calmer / calmest sweet – sweeter / sweetest As an ESL teacher, it is quite common to hear students say “ more stronger” or “most fastest” when comparing things or people. Please take note that it is not correct to use the comparative form of words  (–er) and the word “more”. Likewise, it is wrong to use “most” and superlative form of words (–est). Please check the sentences below: Wrong: He is more stronger than his brother. Correct: He is stronger than his brother.   Wrong: He is the most fasters runner in his class. Correct: He is the fastest runner in his class.

So how can we avoid these mistakes? Simply memorize the words that require “more” and “most” and the words that just end with –er and –est.

Examples: aggressive – more aggressive / most aggressive beautiful – more beautiful / most beautiful clever – more clever / most clever difficult – more difficult / most difficult expensive – more expensive / most expensive famous – more famous / most famous intelligent – more intelligent / most intelligent interesting – more interesting / most interesting modern – more modern / most modern perfect – more perfect / most perfect polite – more polite / most polite popular – more polite / most polite tired – more tired / most tired

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